As you may know, cargo being transported on the highway must remain
secured on or within the transporting vehicle. When most people think about cargo securement, their thoughts turn to flatbed trailers because they get the bulk of these types of violations. However, compliance with federal cargo securement regulations is very important and required on all commercial operating vehicles. Violations can have serious consequences! The regulations also apply to covered van loads. For too many drivers, this means, “out of sight, out of mind.” Properly secured cargo prevents items from shifting, spilling, blowing or falling from the vehicle. That is critical. Appropriate load securement is also a necessity to avoid lost dollars in damaged goods. Preventing your
cargo from shifting and remaining secure during transit is just as important in a dry van or reefer trailer. Picture a horrible accident all because you failed to properly secure your load.
Common Methods of Cargo Securement
Manufacturers offer a variety of options for securing cargo. The most frequently used are Tie-Downs. Tie-down assemblies may consist of rope, chain, cable, etc. The most important criteria are strength and durability. Never base your selection on price: a few dollars saved may result in very expensive road debris if the tie-downs prove not good for the job.
Under the general rules, all cargo must be secured on or within the vehicle. They must be secured by structures of adequate strength, dunnage or airbags to fill the space between the cargo and the wall of the vehicle.
The regulations also specify that the securement must withstand the forces of 0.8g in the forward direction. Also, 0.5g in the left, right and rearward directions.